Agriculture Department



T.RAMACHANDRAIAH
DESIGNATION: JOINT DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE
MOB NO: 8277931700
EMAILID: jdahassan[at]yahoo[dot]com

INTRODUCTION

Hassan district is situated at southeren part of the state comprising of 8 blocks. The entire district comes under 4 Agro climatic zones namely, Central dry zone, Southern dry zone, Southern transitional zone & Hilly zone. Arasikere Taluk comes under Central dry zone, Channarayapatna Taluk comes under Southern dry zone, Holenarsipur, Arkalgud, Alur and Belur comes under Southern transitional zone where as Sakleshpur Taluk comes under Hilly zone. 8 taluks divided into 4 agro-climatic zones with geographical areas 6.62 lakh ha. The total cultivable area of the district 4.48 lakh ha. of which 79% of the area is under rainfed agriculture. The four reservoir project in Kaveri basin Hemavathi, Harangi, Vatehole & Yagachi supports irrigation to the extent of 46672 ha in Hassan District.


The entire district has unique topography. Lands are undulating and clearly divided into upland, medium & low land situations. This special feature of the land has direct correlation with the cropping pattern, depth of soil, soil problems and its management. It also provides a challenge for the agricultural extension workers and scientists. Upland soil has erosion and degradation problems and these soils are slightly to moderated acidic in nature. Medium land soils are more deep, sandy loam and less acidic than upland. Low land soils have alluvial soil, which are neutral in reaction and are more suitable for paddy crop.


The main aim of the department is to achieve sustainable food production, there by increasing the socio-economic status of the farming community

The entire district has unique topography. Lands are undulating and clearly divided into upland, medium & low land situations. This special feature of the land has direct correlation with the cropping pattern, depth of soil, soil problems and its management. It also provides a challenge for the agricultural extension workers and scientists. Upland soil has erosion and degradation problems and these soils are slightly to moderated acidic in nature. Medium land soils are more deep, sandy loam and less acidic than upland. Low land soils have alluvial soil, which are neutral in reaction and are more suitable for paddy crop.

The main aim of the department is to achieve sustainable food production, there by increasing the socio-economic status of the farming community

 

Objectives & vision of the department :

Vision: To increase the production & productivity of the agricultural crops by which the farming community will get the increased income and ensure food security to the population.

 

INTRODUCTION

1. Transfer of new technology evolved at Agricultural Universities to the farming community.

2. Supply of agricultural inputs.

3. Monitoring the quality of the inputs supplied to farmers.

4. Implementation of programmes of the department.

The major crops grown here are Paddy, Sugarcane, Ragi, Maize, Tobacco & other semi-irrigated crops. Usually medium duration verities of paddy are grown which requires 130-135 days to reach maturity and needs irrigation support till the end of December. Sugarcane is primarily planted during June-July which requires more than one year for harvest and needs irrigation support continuously throughout the year.


Rainfall scenario during 2013-14:

The district received fairly good rains during this year. The actual cumulative rainfall received from Jan-Ist Fortnight of November is 1191.2 mm which is 14% more than the normal rainfall (1053.9 mm). The rainfall was severely deficit in April (46%) & October (40%). The area coverage under different crops in Kharif 2013 was 2.41759 Lakh hectares as against the annual target of 2.55 Lakh hectares. During Rabi 2013, the actual area covered is 18593 hectares against the target of 31850 hec.


The Department is implementing various programmes in the district which are as below

Taluk Panchayath Schemes


Assistance to farmers: Under this programme, plant protection equipment & plant protection chemicals are distributed to the farmers at 50 % subsidy . A total outlay of 13 Lakhs programme is approved from the Zilla Panchayath, Hassan

Agriculture fair & Exhibition: Under the scheme, progressive farmers/ farm women will be taken to exhibitions and Krishi mela at KVK's and Research farms, V.C.Farm, Mandya, so as to provide them an opportunity to observe the latest technologies in agriculture and allied sectors and to encourage them to adopt feasible technologies in their fields. Thus, the provision is made under this scheme in order to provide technical knowhow and other useful information through agrifairs and exhibitions conducted at Universities of Agriculture Science & other NGO's.


Zilla Panchayath Schemes

Integrated Scheme of OILSEEDS, PULSES, OILPALM & MAIZE (ISOPOM)

In order to provide flexibility to the States in implementation based on regionally differentiated approach, to promote crop diversification and to provide focused approach to the programmes, the four erstwhile schemes of OPP, OPDP, NPDP and AMDP have been merged into one Centrally Sponsored Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oilpalm and Maize (ISOPOM) being implemented from 1.4.2004.

Oilseed Production Programme: Under ISOPOM the programmes for development of oilseeds are implemented in which pre-dominantly benefits small and marginal farmers as the majority of the farmers involved in the cultivation of oilseed crops belong to these categories. Under the Scheme, assistance is provided for purchase of breeder seed, production of foundation seed, production and distribution of certified seed, distribution of seed minikits, distribution of plant protection chemicals, plant protection equipments, weedicides, supply of Rhizobium culture/phosphate solubilising bacteria, distribution of gypsum/pyrite/lime/dolomite, distribution of water carrying pipes, publicity, etc.

to encourage farmers to grow oilseeds. In order to disseminate information on improved production technologies amongst the farmers, block demonstrations and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) demonstrations are organized. Under ZP Sector, an annual programme of 9 Lakhs is allotted during this year to implement this program & 12 Lakhs under state sector scheme.

Accelerated Maize Development Programme (AMDP) :

An annual programme of 11 Lakhs is allotted during this year to implement this program. Under ISOPOM, Maize Development Programmes are being implemented in our district where main emphasis had given for transfer of modern crop production technology to the farmers' fields through block demonstrations, Crop diversity demo, IPM & seed minikit demonstrations, officers and farmers trainings, use of improved implements, plant protection equipments & chemicals, weedicides, agriculture implements, PVC Pipes, PSB/Rhizobium & micronutrients.


Other Agriculture related programmes:

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The main emphasis is given to post harvest management of agriculture produce. Hence, under this scheme, 320 tarpaulins are distributed to the farmer. Also, various farm mechineries viz.,power tiller, diesel pumpsets& other hitech equipments are distributed. Rs. 25 Lakhs is allotted for this scheme.

National Mission on Micro Irrigation (NMMI):

To bring more area under irrigation, it has become necessary to introduce new irrigation techniques viz Micro & Sprinkler Irrigation for economizing the use of water and increase productivity per unit of water. The objective of the scheme is to increase the coverage of area under micro irrigation in the country for improving crop productivity with efficient use of water resources. It is proposed to provide financial assistance @ 75% of the unit cost for various crops. The financial assistance of 75% would be jointly shared between the centre and state governments in the ratio of 40:35. In other words, 40% share will be met by the centre, and the balance 35% state Government. The beneficiaries may contribute the balance 25% of the unit cost, either through his/her own resources, or through soft loan(s) from any financial institutions. Rs. 25 Lakhs annual programme is being allotted for this year under ZP sector & Rs. 441.90 Lakhs under state sector.

Farm related activities (RSK's):

In Hassan district, 38 Raitha Samparka Kendra's are established in each Hobli of the taluka to cater the needs of the farmers. Rs. 10 Lakhs annual programme is allotted for various activities like RSK Rent & Maintenance, RSK trials & other miscellaneous expenditures of the RSK.

Organic fertilizer programme:

Under this programme, various organic fertilizers like Karnataka agrigold, vermicompost, city compost and green manure seeds are distributed to the farmers to promote organic farming. For this programme, under ZP Sector, Rs. 5 Lakh annual programme is given for the current year.

 


State sector Schemes

Insecticide control Laboratory :


Grants under this scheme is provided for supply of biopesticides, bio-agents and grain storage bins to farmers at 50% subsidy, besides meeting the expenditure for drawl of samples of seeds/fertilizer and chemicals and to initiate legal action in respect of substandard samples. Total Programme is Rs. 14.25 Lakhs for the year


Farm Mechanization Programme:


The productivity of farms depends greatly on the availability and judicious use of farm power by the farmers. Agricultural implements and machines enable the farmers to employ the power judiciously for production purposes. Agricultural machines increase productivity of land and labour by meeting timeliness of farm operations and increase work out-put per unit time. Besides its paramount contribution to the multiple cropping and diversification of agriculture, mechanization also enables efficient utilization of inputs such as seeds, fertilisers and irrigation water. During this year, 352.52 Lakhs annual programme is allotted to Hassan district wherein 50 % & 90 % subsidy is given to each of the general & SCP/TSP farmers for various implements Viz., for the purchase of power tillers, improved agriculture implements, Hitech machineries like power sprayers, multicrop thresher and tractor drawn implements. Under RKVY schemes also, 303.09 Lakhs programme is being given with the above objectives.


Agro processing Scheme:

An Annual outlay of Rs. 102.11 Lakhs & Rs. 84.54 Lakhs is laid out under state sector & RKVY respectively, with main emphasis on Post harvest technologies. Construction of threshing yards & distribution of agriprocessing implements & HDPE tarpaulins at 50% & 90% subsidy to the General & SCP/TSP farmers respectively.


Enrichment of Soil Fertility:

The objective of this programme is to enhance of soil fertility. The Scheme components include distribution of green manure seed, Bio-fertilizers, Vermi-compost, city compost, oil cakes at 50% subsidy. Farmers will be assisted to construct earth-worm unit at the rate of Rs. 4000/- per unit. And assistance for construction of Bio-digester at the rate of Rs. 30,000/- per unit is also provided. Soil amendments like lime and Gypsum at the rate of Rs. 500/- per ha. is also included for distribution. Total programe for this year is Rs. 267.90 Lakhs.


Distribution of seeds:

Various seeds like Maize, Paddy,Sunflower, Ragi,pulses, oilseeds etc., were distributed to the farmers under subsidy during Kharif ,Rabi & summer. Seed requirement as per the seed replacement rate in the district is 26333 Qtls during Kharif. 15081 Quintols of both TL & Certified seeds were distributed to 114299 farmers which amounts to Rs. 313.12 Lakhs

National Food Security Mission (NFSM-Rice):

This scheme is under implementation since 2009-10. The major objective of this scheme is to increase the production and productivity of rice crop, which is grown in 52000 ha. in Hassan district. The scheme components include Hybrid Paddy demonstration, SRI method of paddy demonstration and improved Agronomical practice demonstration of rice crop.

The emphasis is given for Hybrid paddy cultivation. Seed subsidy at the rate of Rs. 2000/Qtl. is provided for Hybrid seeds. The scheme also involves distribution of micro nutrients, plant protection chemical and plant protection equipments at 50% subsidy. Irrigation pump sets are also assisted at Rs. 10,000 per unit. Opening of Custom Hire Centre is given emphasis, and Farmers Field schools are also promoted. Total programme for this year is Rs. 100.40 Lakhs

NFSM Pulses:

Centrally Sponsored Scheme, 'National Food Security Mission' (NFSM) has been launched from 2007-08 with the mission to increase the production of pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country through:

  • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level;
  • Creation of employment opportunities; and
  • Enhancing farm level economy to restore confidence among the farmers.

In Hassan District Rs. 91.25 lakhs has been allotted under the scheme and provision is made towards the distribution of many agricultural inputs like Certified Seeds, Micro Nutrients, Rizobium, Plant Protection Chemicals And Implements, Seed Drill, Multi Crop Planter, Rotovator, Sprinkler Systems, Pumpsets, Pipes are distributed under subsidy.


Bhoochetana Scheme:

Scheme envisages increasing the yield of major rainfed crops of the district by 20% through adoption of agricultural technologies, application of major and micro nutrients based on soil analysis and taking up of inter crops and mixed cropping. Techniques and Technologies are widely published through pamphlets, street plays and wall paintings. Facilitators are engaged to motivate fellow farmers to adopt the technologies properly and at right time. Micronutrients are supplied at 50% subsidy, subject to maximum limit.


Raitha Samparka Kendra :

Raitha Samparka Kendra is the basic unit of agriculture department, situated at hobli level. An Agriculture officer heads the Raitha Samparka Kendra. This scheme provides funds for conducting local need based demonstrations. Funds are provided for office expenses such as cleaning and maintenance, telephone bill, electricity bill, office rent News paper and stationery etc.



Soil Health Centre:

Soil health centre is located in the district head quarter. The main objective of Soil Health Centre is to maintain the soil health by analyzing nutrient status of the soils and to give suggestions on the quantities of major nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium to be applied to the soils. Recommendations are made based on the analysis report, so as to enable the farmers to apply optimum quantity of required nutrients to get maximum yield. Water samples are also analyzed to test the quality of irrigation water and appropriate recommendations are made accordingly. Beside, Gypsum, Lime & STCR samples are also analysed. 7500 soil samples can be analysed per year in this laboratory which includes General (5000 No.s) & STCR samples (2500 Nos). GPS method of soil sampling is adopted for demo samples which has got the advantage of updating the soil fertility map more precisely.


District Agricultural Training Centre:

The scheme envisages for training Farmers / Farm women in agricultural and allied activities and also extension functionaries of the department. Traveling allowance, daily allowance, lodging expenses, and the expenses for educational tours and honorarium for trainers are provided under this scheme. However it also makes provision for training materials. The scheme helps to upgrade the technical knowledge of farming community and thereby increase in productivity.


Compensation for Farmers suicide:

A compensation of Rs.1.00 lakh will be paid to the immediate survivor of the family in case any of the farmers commits suicide, due to his inability to repay the loan taken from money lending Government institutions Survivors should submit the required documents pertaining to the loan in order to get the compensation.

Compensation for snake bite death cases:

This scheme provides compensation of Rs.1.00 lakh to the immediate survivor of the family of farmers who die due to snake bite/ fall from trees/ fire accident while engaged in agricultural activities.

Krishi Prashasthi scheme:

Scheme aims to recognize and award farmers doing outstanding work in increasing agricultural production and to initiate healthy competitive spirit among the farmers. Prizes are given to farmers who achieve record yields in the crops offered for competition at state/district and taluk level each year.

ATMA :

Agricultural Technology Management Agency is an autonomous body with a focal point for integrating research and extension activities and decentralizing day to day management of the public agricultural technology system. It is responsible for technology dissemination at the district level. It would be able to receive expected project funds, entering into contracts and agreements and maintaining revolving accounts that can be used to collect fees, thereby recovering operating cost. ATMA has linkage with all the departments, research organizations, non-government organizations and agencies associated with agricultural development in the district.

Research and extension unit within the project districts such as Zonal research stations/ Krishi Vigyan Kendra and key line department of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Horticulture, Sericulture , Fisheries etc., would become constituent members of ATMA. Research and Extension unit would retain its institutional identity and affiliation of programmes and procedure concerning district wise Research and Extension activities would be determined by ATMA Steering Committee. An outlay of Rs 97.32 Lakhs is allotted for the year 2013-14


There are committees like INTER-DEPARTMENTAL WORKING GROUP at State level, District ATMA steering committee at district level, ATMA implementation committee at taluk level and farmers advisory committees at state, district and taluk level for implementation of this scheme.



Who is who in the Department?


  • Joint Director of Agriculture is the Head of the Department at District level, incharge of implementation and monitoring the Agriculture department programmes.

  • Assistant Director of Agriculture (HQ) will assist the Joint Director of Agriculture in implementation and monitoring the Agriculture department programmes at district level

  • Assistant Director of Agriculture (SMS) will assist the Joint Director of Agriculture in implementation and monitoring the Agriculture department programmes, besides quality control aspects of Agricultural inputs in the district.

  • Assistant Director of Agriculture at Taluk level is the head of the department at taluk level, who is responsible for the implementation and supervision of agricultural development programmes


  • Agricultural officer heads Raitha Samparka Kendra which is the basic unit of the department at Hobli level. All the development programmes, benefits and the transfer of technologies of the department will be carried out through RSK.